Cross Channel Marketing – The Planning Gap
Let’s face it, there is no longer a direct correlation between the marketing channel (e.g. email, Search, browsing) and the point of purchase. One of my favorite depictions of this is Brian Walker’s “From Channels to Touch points” image. http://blogs.forrester.com/brian_walker/11-03-11-welcome_to_the_era_of_agile_commerce.
Organization design for cross channel retailers to support an omnichannel strategy is one of the biggest issues retailers face as they consider their customer experience. In this post we won’t go into the changes we are seeing on organization structure, budgeting, marketing campaign handoff’s, the demand for specialized skill sets, or the need for clear lines of responsibility and accountability among the teams. These and a host of other considerations are issues that require facilitation and discussion from the very highest levels of the business.
Instead, we wanted to focus on the challenge of disparate marketing teams within our businesses. Brand marketing (or core marketing) and ecommerce marketing each have their own budgets, sets of goals, and processes. The question we are always asked is “How can we make a seamless experience for the customer across channels as we campaign for their buying dollar?”
Regardless of whether it is a branding, ecommerce, or social campaigns, we find that some of the biggest differentiators (and white elephants) within retailers are their planning rituals, campaign management processes, and post campaign performance measurements.
One common mistake we see in planning is including the digital team too late in the process. When done in this manner, the campaign lacks the benefit of a holistic customer approach. It runs the risk of a routine execution and poor return on investment. In the worst cases, the digital team is not aware of the campaign and is asked to support in the 11th hour. Equally guilty are the Ecommerce marketing teams running promotions that the retail stores are not aware of; leaving the front line team at the store vulnerable to customer dissatisfaction and a disjointed brand experience.
We juxtapose this with a best practice planning process that begins with rigorous channel calendaring and a cross team process that traces the customer journey from all touch points. Merchants are Included in this planning to help build a robust understanding of product and supply chain concerns. And store operations assure that the front line and customer care center is aware of the promotion and able to manage the questions or issues that may arise in store.
Big data, little data, and all the data in between should still rely on the same processes for campaign development. The big questions that have to be asked are:
- What are we trying to achieve (e.g., new customer acquisition, awareness, increasing page views, reactivation, retention)? Be specific about the campaign goal, it will help the team determine how to measure success.
- How are we going to measure it? If we are measuring across channels, what are the proof points? Will we be considering attribution from other marketing activities?
- What does success look like? It is always good to collectively agree on what success looks like. It helps to manage expectations and frame up the results.
- Who is responsible for measuring the effort? With multiple teams involved it helps to give the program measurement an owner.
- When will we look at the results? As with success measurement, timelines are important. You may want to see early results and later results too. But it is important to decide upfront to ensure that expectations are set.
- Based on our hypotheses, what are possible next steps? It is helpful to anticipate next steps with the cross functional team in case there needs to be longer term issues such as resources, inventory, or budget that might be impacted by the results of the program.
- Who needs to be notified of the program and what tools will they need to ready their team? This is always the one that gets the least attention but is crucial to success. Take a moment to make sure everyone who needs to be aware of the program is considered.
We consistently impress upon our clients that the most vulnerable parts of the customer experience are at the customer touch points. Through planning and cross team collaboration, brands reduce risk and improve the customer experience.